Yadda za a cire sukari daga rake?

2023-10-16 14:41:22

Rake shine amfanin gona mai mahimmancin tattalin arziki a duniya, saboda shine tushen asalin sukarin tebur. Cire Rake daga rake ya kai sama da kashi 75% na yawan sukari a duniya. Fahimtar tsarin tushen sukari daga rake yana da mahimmanci don biyan bukatun duniya.

Haihuwar sukari daga rake ya haɗa da girbi ta hanyoyi da yawa da kuma shirya rake, dasa ruwan 'ya'yan itace, bayyanawa da tace ruwan 'ya'yan itace, tattara ruwan 'ya'yan itace ta hanyar ƙafewa, tsara sukari, da rarrabawa da tsaftace cajar sukari. Wannan sakon zai ba da bayanin kowane mataki.

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Girbin Sugar Rake

Rake ciyawa ce mai tsayi, wacce ba ta dawwama wacce galibi tana girma a cikin watanni 12-16, a lokacin tana ɗauke da babban adadin sucrose a cikin kusoshi. Madaidaicin lokacin girbi ana ƙaddara ta abubuwa kamar abun ciki na sucrose, matakan fiber, da ci gaban stalk.

Hanyoyin girbi sun haɗa da yankan ciyawar da hannu kusa da matakin ƙasa ko kuma yankan ingin na inji wanda ke biye da cire ragowar ta hanyar sarrafa konewa. Ana tattara ciyawar da aka yanke da kyau kuma ana jigilar su don sarrafawa.


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Shirye-shiryen Rake don Hakowa

A wurin niƙa, ana wanke ciyawar dawa sosai kuma a tsaftace su don cire duk wata ƙasa da tarkace. Ƙarin sara na iya faruwa don yanke ciyawar zuwa tsayin da za a iya sarrafawa idan an buƙata.

Ana amfani da injinan shredder sanye da wukake masu jujjuyawa don murƙushe ƙullun da aka wanke a cikin ƙananan zaruruwa don fallasa kyallen da ke ɗauke da sukari.

Cire Ruwan Rake daga Rake

Ana amfani da jerin na'urori masu nauyi don dannawa da niƙa zaruruwan rake. Rollers suna murkushe zaruruwan kuma suna fitar da ruwan 'ya'yan itace yayin da masu niƙa da shredders ke rushe duk wani daskararrun da suka rage. Wannan yana haifar da hakar har zuwa 50% na nauyin kututture a cikin ruwan 'ya'yan itace.

Ruwan gwangwani da aka fitar ya ƙunshi 10-15% sucrose da sauran sukari, ma'adanai, sunadarai, da filaye na shuka. Zane-zane na niƙa yana haɓaka haɓakar ruwan 'ya'yan itace yayin da rage yawan adadin da aka fitar.

Bayanin Juice da Tacewa

Ruwan gwangwani da aka fitar da shi yana ƙunshe da ƙazanta waɗanda za su iya tarwatsa tsarin ƙirƙira. Ana amfani da matakan jiyya don cire daskararru da aka dakatar, colloids, da sauran waɗanda ba su da sukari. Hanyoyin sun haɗa da dumama, liming, flocculation, decantation, da skimming kashe daskararru.

Ruwan da aka fayyace sannan ana yin tacewa ta hanyar tacewa na char kashi, zane, ko wasu kafofin watsa labarai. Wannan yana kawar da barbashi masu kyau kuma yana taimakawa canza launin ruwan 'ya'yan itace.

Haushi da Hankali

Ana fitar da ruwan 'ya'yan itace da aka bayyana a cikin jerin tasoshin don cire ruwa mai yawa da kuma maida hankali ga sucrose. Wannan ya ƙunshi matakai masu yawa na tafasa a ƙarƙashin yanayi mara kyau don rage wurin tafasa da kuma hana caramelization.

Tattaunawa yana ci gaba har sai an sami cikakken sakamakon syrup na sukari, wanda ya kai 65-85% narkar da sucrose. Ƙarin cirewar ruwa zai haifar da crystallization a cikin evaporators.

Crystallization da Rabuwa

Ana mayar da syrup ɗin da aka tattara zuwa crystallizers inda a hankali sanyaya da tashin hankali ke haifar da ƙwayar cuta da crystallization na sucrose. Ana sarrafa zafin jiki, ƙimar sanyaya, da lokacin zama don samar da girman da ake so da adadin lu'ulu'u.

Sakamakon sukari crystal da cakuda syrup ana jujjuya su a cikin centrifuge don raba lu'ulu'u daga mahaifiyar giya wanda ya ƙunshi ƙazanta da sucrose mara kyau.

Gyarawa da Tsarkakewa

Lu'ulu'u masu sukari da aka ware suna ɗaukar ƙarin matakai na remelting, recrystallization, decolorization, tacewa, da bushewa don cire duk wani ƙazanta da ya rage da kuma samar da farin sukari mai tsafta.

Ana yin matakai da yawa na recrystallization don ƙara tsabta. Wani lokaci ana amfani da magungunan bleaching don cire kowane launi da ya rage. Za a bushe lu'ulu'u masu ladabi na sukari zuwa ƙananan abun ciki.

Ta yaya suke fitar da sukari daga rake?

Mahimmin matakai don fitar da sukari daga Hakar Rake su ne:

1. Girbi - Ana yanke rake da hannu ko kuma da injina a gindin ciyawar lokacin da tsiron ya girma.

2. Niƙa - Ana wanke ciyawar dawa, a yanka da niƙa tsakanin manyan rollers don fitar da ruwan 'ya'yan itace mai yawan sukari.

3. Falawa/Tace - Ana dumama ruwan rake a yi amfani da lemun tsami don daidaita ƙazanta da ake tacewa.

4. Haɓakawa - ruwan 'ya'yan itacen da aka bayyana yana mai da hankali ne ta tafasasshen ruwa a ƙarƙashin yanayi mara kyau.

5. Crystallizing - An sanyaya syrup mai da hankali kuma yana tayar da hankali don haifar da samuwar sucrose crystal.

6. Centrifuging - The sugar crystal da syrup cakuda suna spun a cikin wani centrifuge don raba lu'ulu'u.

7. Refining - The danyen sugar jurewa da yawa recrystallization da tacewa matakai don kara tsarki.

Nawa ne za a iya fitar da sukari daga rake?

A matsakaita, kowane kilogiram 100 na rassan rake da aka girbe zai samar da kusan:

- 50 kilogiram na ruwan gwangwani da aka fitar

- 8 zuwa 15 kg na sucrose sugar

- 65 zuwa 85% tsarki bayan daya crystallization

Haƙiƙanin ingancin hakar sukari ya dogara da abun ciki na sucrose na musamman iri-iri da yanayin girma. Haɗin zamani a cikin ingantacciyar injin niƙa na iya dawo da sama da kashi 90% na sucrose ɗin da ke cikin rake.

Tare da mafi kyawun crystallization, har zuwa 12-13% na ainihin nauyin rake ana fitar dashi azaman ɗanyen sukari. Ƙarin tacewa da sake recrystallization na iya ƙara tsabta zuwa sama da 99.9% abun ciki na sucrose.

Menene ake amfani da shi don raba sukari da rake?

Akwai matakai masu mahimmanci da yawa da ke tattare da raba lu'ulu'u na sukari daga shukar rake:

- Niƙa: Manyan rollers suna murkushe ɓangarorin rake don matse ruwan da ke ɗauke da sukari.

- Bayani: Ana amfani da zafi da lemun tsami don daidaita ƙazanta a cikin ruwan da aka fitar.

- Tace: Ana tace ruwan 'ya'yan itacen da aka bayyana ta hanyar kafofin watsa labarai kamar garwar kashi ko zane.

- Crystallization: An sanyaya syrup mai mai da hankali kuma yana tayar da hankali don haifar da samuwar kristal sucrose.

- Centrifugation: A centrifuge yana jujjuya lu'ulu'u na sukari da cakuda syrup, yana tilasta lu'ulu'u masu yawa su rabu da ruwa.

- Recrystallization: An sake narkar da danyen sukari, an sake yin kirstallized kuma a tace akai-akai don ƙara tsarki.

Don haka dabarun rarrabuwa na inji, sinadarai, da na zahiri duk ana amfani da su don cirewa da tsarkake sucrose lu'ulu'u daga rake.

Ta yaya kuke raba lu'ulu'u na sukari da rake?

Akwai matakai da yawa da ke tattare da raba lu'ulu'u na sukari daga Cire Rake:

1. Murkushe ɓangarorin rake da aka girbe ta amfani da rollers masu nauyi don fitar da ruwan 'ya'yan itace mai arzikin sukari.

2. Bayyana ruwan 'ya'yan itace da aka fitar ta amfani da zafi da lemun tsami don cire datti.

3. Tace ruwan 'ya'yan itace da aka bayyana ta hanyar kafofin watsa labarai kamar charbi ko zane don cire ɓangarorin da ba su da kyau.

4. Tattara ruwan 'ya'yan itace da aka tace ta hanyar zubar da ruwa don samar da syrup na sukari.

5. Cool da tayar da syrup don haifar da crystallization na sucrose.

6. Juya cakuda a cikin centrifuge wanda ke tilasta lu'ulu'u masu yawa don ware daga ruwan inna mai ruwa.

7. Kurkura da danyen sukari lu'ulu'u da aka rabu da ruwa don cire ragowar syrup.

8. Recrystallize da danyen sukari ta hanyar narkewa, gyara lu'ulu'u da tacewa don haɓaka tsabta.

Don haka ana amfani da haɗe-haɗe na inji, sinadarai, da hanyoyin rabuwar jiki don cirewa da ware lu'ulu'u na sucrose daga asalin shukar rake.

Wace hanya ce mafi kyau don raba sukari?

Hanya mafi inganci don raba sukari akan sikelin masana'antu shine ta hanyar centrifugation. Matakan sun haɗa da:

- Crystallizing da sucrose ta hanyar sanyaya da tada hankali mai sukari syrup. Wannan yana samar da ƙananan lu'ulu'u masu yawa tare da ragowar syrup.

- Load da cakuda crystal/syrup cikin babban kwandon centrifuge.

- Yin jujjuya kwandon a babban saurin juyi har zuwa 1200-1600 rpm.

- Ƙarfin centrifugal yana haifar da lu'ulu'u masu yawa don matsawa waje ta cikin syrup zuwa bangon kwando.

- Ruwan syrup ɗin ya kasance a baya kuma yana gudana ta wuraren buɗe ido.

- Ana wanke lu'ulu'u na sukari da aka tara da ruwa don cire ragowar syrup.

Centrifugation yana ba da damar sauri, ci gaba da rarrabuwa na adadi mai yawa na lu'ulu'u na sukari idan aka kwatanta da sauran dabaru. Yana ɗaukar amfani da bambance-bambancen yawa tsakanin matakan crystalline da ruwa. Wannan hanyar rabuwa da injina tana da inganci kuma mai tsada.

Yaya ake cire lu'ulu'u na sukari?

Ga wasu hanyoyin gama gari don cire lu'ulu'u na sukari:

- Narkar da a cikin wani ƙarfi ruwa kamar ruwa, sa'an nan decanting ko tace don dawo da lu'ulu'u. Ana iya fitar da ruwan.

- Rabuwar injiniya mai laushi ta hanyar siffa, gogewa ko goge lu'ulu'u maras kyau. Jijjiga na iya taimakawa wajen kawar da lu'ulu'u masu mannewa.

- Yin amfani da bambance-bambancen zafin jiki - dumama na iya narkar da lu'ulu'u don sauƙaƙan zubewa, yayin da sanyaya na iya sa su bushe don cirewa.

- Centrifugation juyi yana tilasta lu'ulu'u masu yawa don ware daga ruwan da ke kewaye da tattara akan bangon akwati.

- Rabuwar maganadisu idan lu'ulu'u sun ƙunshi ƙazantattun ƙarfe waɗanda ke amsa filayen maganadisu.

- Vacuum aspiration yana amfani da tsotsa don zana lu'ulu'u daga saman.

- Sonification yana amfani da raƙuman sauti mai ƙarfi don kawar da haɓakar kristal.

Hanya mafi kyau ya dogara da nau'in lu'ulu'u, wurin su, abin da aka manne su, da kuma tsarkakewar dawowa da ake so. Ana iya buƙatar haɗin fasaha.

Kammalawa

A taƙaice, fitar da sukari daga rake mataki ne da ya haɗa da girbi, niƙa, bayyanawa, crystallizing, centrifuging da kuma hanyoyin tacewa. Ana buƙatar kulawa da hankali a kowane mataki don haɓaka murmurewa da tsarkin sucrose. Babban abun ciki na sukari na rake ya sa ya zama kyakkyawan tushen masana'antu don biyan bukatun sukari na duniya.

A matsayinsa na ɗaya daga cikin manyan amfanin gona na duniya, samar da rake da matakan tace sukari suna da mahimmanci ga samar da abinci da tattalin arziƙin gaba ɗaya. Ci gaba da bincike na ci gaba da inganta yawan amfanin sukari da ayyukan dorewa ga aikin noman rake. Tare da haɓakar yawan jama'a da buƙatun kayan zaki, rake zai ci gaba da kasancewa kayayyaki mai kima a duniya zuwa nan gaba.

Hubei Sanxin Biotechnology Co., Ltd. ya haɗu da bincike da haɓakawa, samarwa da tallace-tallace na shekaru masu yawa. Mu ne abin dogaronku Cire Rake dillali. Za mu iya ba da sabis na musamman azaman buƙatarku.

email: nancy@sanxinbio.com


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