Yadda za a Shuka Calla Lily Bulbs?

2023-11-14 15:25:24

Tare da furanni masu kama da ƙaho da furen furanni, calla lilies sune ƙari ga lambuna da shirye-shiryen furanni. Don jin daɗin kyawun su kowace shekara, dabarun dasa shuki masu dacewa don kwararan fitila na calla lily suna da mahimmanci. Wannan jagorar ya ƙunshi duk abin da kuke buƙata don samun nasarar shuka calla kwararan fitila kuma ka kiyaye su.

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Fahimtar Calla Lily Bulbs

Calla lily kwararan fitila sun ƙunshi farantin basal mai zagaye wanda tushen da harbe suka fito. Iri suna zuwa da fari, ruwan hoda, rawaya, shuɗi, da furanni masu launi biyu. Dwarf calla lilies sun kai tsayin inci 12-18, yayin da nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan iri na iya girma inci 24-48 tsayi a kan mai tushe masu tasowa sama da ganyen kibiya.

Nemo kwararan fitila masu tsiro, marasa lahani. Ka guji kowane nau'i, lalacewa, ko lalacewa. Girman kwan fitila ya dogara da iri-iri, amma daidaitaccen kiran kira yawanci yakan kasance inci 2-3 a diamita. An kafa manyan kwararan fitila masu girman 7/8 da sauri fiye da ƙananan kwararan fitila.

Zabar Wurin Shuka

Calla lilies suna bunƙasa a cikin ƙasa mai laushi amma mai kyau. Zaɓi wurin da ke samun akalla sa'o'i 6 na rana a kowace rana tare da wasu inuwar rana a cikin yanayi mai zafi. Rana ta safiya tana taimakawa wajen bushe wuce gona da iri daga ganye da kuma hana cututtuka.

Ƙasa pH tsakanin 6.0-7.5 shine manufa, wadatar da takin ko kwayoyin halitta don riƙe danshi. Duk da haka, wuraren da ba su da ƙarfi suna haifar da kwan fitila mai lalacewa kuma ya kamata a kauce masa ko a gyara shi da yashi ko perlite don inganta magudanar ruwa.

Ana shirya Shuka

Shuka kwararan fitila calla lily a ƙarshen bazara bayan kwanan watan sanyi na ƙarshe. Ana iya adana kwararan fitila a wuri mai sanyi a lokacin hunturu bayan kakar girma ta ƙare.

Kafin dasa, sassauta kuma gyara ƙasa idan an buƙata. Mix a cikin takin, gansakuka ko wasu kwayoyin halitta don inganta danshi da abinci mai gina jiki.

Jiƙa kwararan fitila a cikin ruwan dumi na tsawon sa'o'i 1-2 kafin dasa shuki. Wannan yana rehydrates su daga ajiya kuma yana ba su damar yin rooting. A hankali cire duk wani sako-sako da fata ko sikeli a kan kwararan fitila.

Tsarin Shuka

Tona ramuka ko ramuka don dasa shuki bisa shawarwarin tazarar kwan fitila. Sanya kwararan fitila mai zurfin inci 4-6 da inci 8-12 baya don ba da damar girma girma.

Saita kowane kwan fitila tare da gefen farantin basal lebur ƙasa. Dasa gefen dama yana da mahimmanci don daidaitawa da girma. Cika ƙasa kuma shirya a hankali amma a kusa da kwararan fitila.

Ruwa da aka dasa kwararan fitila da kyau don cika ƙasa. Bada ƙasa ta bushe dan kadan tsakanin waterings. Ƙara inci 2-3 na ciyawa a kusa da kwararan fitila da aka dasa don riƙe danshi.

Bayan Kulawa da Kulawa

Ci gaba da ƙasa m amma ba cikakke ba yayin da kwararan fitila suna kafa tsarin tushen kuma suna girma ganye, kimanin makonni 4-6 bayan dasa. Ruwa sau 1-2 a mako idan ruwan sama ya rasa.

Da zarar an kafa shuke-shuke, ruwa lokacin da ƴan inci na ƙasa ya bushe. Ba da tsire-tsire kowane wata tare da daidaitaccen taki mai narkewa a lokacin girma.

Cire furanni da suka shuɗe da tukwici na ganye akai-akai don kiyaye tsire-tsire su yi kyau. Cika kowace shekara don adana danshi da kuma hana tushen daga matsanancin zafin jiki.

Matsaloli masu yuwuwa da magance matsalar

Kwari: Slugs da katantanwa na iya cin ganye da furanni. Yi amfani da shinge da tarko don kare tsire-tsire.

Cututtuka: Blight, root rot, da ƙwayoyin cuta na iya faruwa idan yanayi ya yi yawa. Inganta magudanar ruwa da iska.

Matsalolin muhalli: Tsananin zafi ko fari yana sa ganye su shuɗe da launin ruwan kasa. Samar da isasshen ruwa da inuwa.

Rashin ci gaba: Rashin wadataccen abinci mai gina jiki, cunkoso, ko zurfin shuka mara kyau na iya hana tsire-tsire. Taki yadda ya kamata, sarari kwararan fitila da kyau, kuma dasa a daidai zurfin.

Babu furanni: Fitar da rana da yawa na iya hana fure. Ba wa tsire-tsire inuwa, musamman a yanayin zafi.

Yadawa da Rarraba  

Balagagge calla lily clumps za a iya raba kowane 2-3 shekaru. A hankali tono kwararan fitila a farkon bazara kuma a yi amfani da wuka da aka haifuwa don raba da sake dasa tsire-tsire na kowane mutum tare da harbe da tushen tushe.

Ƙananan kwararan fitila da aka dasa ba za su yi fure a shekara ta farko ba. Amma yaduwa daga tsire-tsire masu girma suna haifar da manyan kwararan fitila waɗanda yakamata su samar da furanni a kakar girma mai zuwa bayan rarraba.

Wani watan kuke shuka calla lily bulbs?

Lokacin da ya dace don dasa kwararan fitila calla lily shine a ƙarshen bazara bayan barazanar sanyi ya wuce. Wasu kyawawan watannin manufa sun haɗa da:

- Afrilu a cikin yanayi mai zafi kamar USDA Yankunan 9-11

- Mayu a wurare masu sanyi kamar Yankuna 4-8

Ana iya samun nasarar dasa kwararan fitila a farkon lokacin rani muddin ƙasa ta yi zafi sosai. Shirya ƙasa da wuri kafin lokaci don haka kwararan fitila na iya kafa tushen kafin kololuwar zafi na bazara.

Dasa shuki a cikin fall ba a ba da shawarar ba. Bulbs suna buƙatar lokaci don tushen da tsiro ganye kafin lokacin hutun hunturu. Shuka kawai a cikin bazara ko farkon lokacin rani don ba da damar isasshen lokacin girma kafin sanyi ya dawo.

Yaya zurfin ya kamata a dasa kwararan fitila calla lily?

Zurfin dasawa daidai shine mabuɗin don kwararan fitila na calla lily don tsiro da girma cikin nasara. Shawarar zurfin shuka sune:

- 4-6 zurfin inci don manyan kwararan fitila

- zurfin inci 3-4 don ƙananan kwararan fitila

Auna zurfin daga saman kwan fitila zuwa saman ƙasa. Saita kwararan fitila ma mara zurfi yana haifar da rashin isassun daidaitawa yayin da tsire-tsire ke girma. Rushewa mai zurfi yana hana tsiro saboda rashin zafi da haske.

Nufin zurfin shawarar da aka ba da shawarar bisa girman kwan fitila. Sake ƙasa da gyara ta da takin ko gansakuka na peat kafin dasa shuki yana sa samun zurfin zurfi cikin sauƙi.

Shin calla lilies suna girma mafi kyau a cikin tukwane ko a cikin ƙasa?

Calla lilies na iya girma da kyau a duka gadaje na lambu da kwantena. Dasa shuki a cikin ƙasa yana ba da damar kwararan fitila su yada ta halitta. Amma potted callas yana ba da motsi da kuma kula da magudanar ruwa mai kyau.

Don mafi kyawun girma:

- A cikin gadaje, gyara ƙasa don inganta magudanar ruwa da abinci mai gina jiki

- A cikin tukwane, a yi amfani da cakuda tukunyar da ba ta da ƙasa kuma a yi taki akai-akai

- Tabbatar da isasshen ruwa da haske kowace hanya

- Kawo tsire-tsire a cikin gida kafin sanyi na farko

Tare da kulawa mai kyau, calla lilies na iya bunƙasa kuma suna fure sosai lokacin girma a cikin ƙasa ko akwati. Zaɓi zaɓin da ya fi dacewa da yanayin ku da abubuwan aikin lambu.

Wane gefe ne sama a kan calla lily kwan fitila?

Ƙasa ko gefen farantin basal na kwan fitila ya kamata a fuskanci ƙasa lokacin dasa shuki calla lilies. Wannan gefen yana da lallausan ƙasa ko ɗan ɗanɗano idan aka kwatanta da zagayen saman kwan fitila.

Saita kwararan fitila a gefen dama sama da kyau yana karkatar da tushen da ke fitowa zuwa ƙasa kuma ya bar sama. Hakanan yana tabbatar da tsirowar suna fitowa suna fuskantar sama don mafi kyawun samun haske da dumin da ake buƙata don girma.

Bincika don harbi mai nuni da ke fitowa daga saman kwan fitila. Wannan yana nuna gefen mai fuskantar sama. Idan kuna shakka, shuka a gefensa don ba da damar harbin ya karkata kansa sama yayin da yake fitowa.

Shin lili na calla suna buƙatar cikakken rana ko inuwa?

Calla lilies suna girma mafi kyau tare da kusan sa'o'i 6 na hasken rana kai tsaye kowace rana. Ƙarin rana yana haifar da ƙonewa na ganye, yayin da yawancin inuwa ke kaiwa ga furen fure.

Wasu shawarwari don kyakkyawan yanayin haske:

- Samar da rana ta asuba, da inuwar la'asar a yanayi mai zafi

- Ba da ƙarin hasken rana a yankunan arewa masu sanyi  

- Shuka a cikin gadaje masu inuwa a ƙarƙashin dogayen bishiyu/shrubs

- Tace tsattsauran hasken rana tare da labule don tsire-tsire

Daidaita hasken rana dangane da yanayin ku kuma kula da lafiyar shuka. Ganyen rawaya ko launin ruwan kasa na iya nuna tsananin tsananin faɗuwar rana.

Kammalawa

Tare da dasa shuki da kulawa da kyau, kwararan fitila na calla lily za su ba ku ladan furanni masu kyan gani da lush foliage. Bi waɗannan shawarwari don ingantaccen yanayin shuka, danshi, hasken rana, da ƙari don taimakawa lilies ɗin ku don bunƙasa tsawon shekaru masu kyau. Kula da zurfin dasa shuki, magudanar ruwa, da daidaitawa lokacin dasa shuki na farko don samun farawa lafiya. Callas abin farin ciki ne a cikin lambuna da vases lokacin da bukatunsu ya biya.

Hubei Sanxin Biotechnology Co., Ltd. ya haɗu da bincike da haɓakawa, samarwa, da tallace-tallace na shekaru masu yawa. Mu ne abin dogaronku Lily Bulb Extract dillali. Za mu iya samar da ayyuka na musamman azaman buƙatar ku.

email: nancy@sanxinbio.com

References:

1. Jami'ar Minnesota Extension: Girma Calla Lilies

https://extension.umn.edu/flowers/growing-calla-lilies

2. Lambun Botanical Missouri: Calla Lily Care

https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/gardens-gardening/your-garden/help-for-the-home-gardener/advice-tips-resources/visual-guides/calla-lily-care.aspx

3. Royal Horticultural Society: Calla Lily Growing Guide

https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/calla/growing-guide

4.Clemson Jami'ar Gida & Cibiyar Bayani: Calla Lilies

https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/calla-lilies/

5. Tsawaita Jami'ar Jihar North Carolina: Calla Lily Production

https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/calla-lily-production

6. The Spruce: Yadda ake girma da kuma kula da Calla Lilies

https://www.thespruce.com/grow-calla-lilies-1902767

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