Menene Cire Fata na Inabi?

2023-11-30 13:13:07

Fatun inabi, yawanci bayan an shayar da su ko kuma sun zama ruwan inabi, ana amfani da su don yin tsinken fata fata. Antioxidants kamar resveratrol, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, da sauran polyphenols an saita su cikin kulawa mai zurfi a cikin fata na inabi. Saboda tsinken fata na innabi yana da fakiti mai ƙarfi na hana kumburi da antioxidant, ya sami salon salo a matsayin ƙarin salutary.

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Menene tsantsar grapeseed ake amfani dashi?

Cire 'ya'yan inabi yana fitowa daga ƙananan tsaba a cikin inabi. Ya ƙunshi antioxidants da polyphenols, kama da tsantsa fata na innabi, amma sau da yawa a ƙananan yawa. Wasu daga cikin manyan amfani da fa'idodin da ake samarwa na tsantsar grapeseed sun haɗa da:

Flavonoids, linoleic acid, bitamin E, da oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes suna da yawa a cikin tsantsar inabi kuma suna da halayen antioxidant. Yawancin karatu sun nuna cewa tsantsar inabi na iya ƙara hawan jini, jini, da sauran masu canji masu alaƙa da kuma samun fa'idodi masu kyau akan lafiyar zuciya da jijiyoyin jini. Ana tsammanin waɗannan sakamako masu fa'ida za a sauƙaƙe su ta hanyar kaddarorin antioxidant na cirewar grapeseed.

Cholesterol - Abubuwan antioxidants a cikin cirewar inabi na iya taimakawa haɓaka HDL (mai kyau) cholesterol yayin rage LDL (mummunan) cholesterol da jimlar matakan cholesterol. Wannan na iya rage tarin plaque a cikin arteries.

Sugar jini - Bincike na farko ya nuna innabi fata tsantsa foda na iya taimakawa inganta haɓakar insulin da rage matakan sukari na jini a cikin waɗanda ke da ciwon sukari ko ciwo na rayuwa lokacin amfani da aƙalla wata guda.

Warkar da rauni - Yin amfani da tsantsar inabi zuwa raunuka na iya saurin warkarwa. Ana tsammanin wannan shine saboda maganin kumburinsa, antimicrobial, da mahadi na antioxidant waɗanda ke tallafawa nama da gyaran jini.

Ciwon daji - Ciwon inabi yana nuna hanyoyin maganin ciwon daji a cikin binciken lab. Masu maganin antioxidants suna kare lafiyar kwayoyin halitta daga zama m, haifar da mutuwar kwayar cutar kansa, hana ciwace-ciwace daga samun wadatar jini, da jinkirin metastasis.

Kumburi - Abubuwan anti-mai kumburi da aka samu a ciki jajayen inabi fata tsantsa  zai iya zama da amfani don rage kumburi daga raunin da ya faru, tiyata, ko yanayin kiwon lafiya kamar arthritis, basur, da zazzabi.

Lafiyar fata - Man inabi da tsantsa abubuwa ne na yau da kullun a cikin kayan kula da fata na kwaskwarima saboda suna iya kare fata daga lalacewar rana da tsufa, inganta danshi, rage kumburin kuraje da kumburi, da haskaka duhu ko tabo na shekaru.

Yayin da ake buƙatar ƙarin bincike, cirewar inabin ya nuna alƙawarin inganta yawancin fannoni na kiwon lafiya saboda nau'o'in tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire da antioxidants. Ana la'akari da shi lafiya ga yawancin mutane, kodayake man zaitun na iya haifar da rashin lafiyar lokaci-lokaci ko kuma bacin rai. Yi magana da likitan ku kafin ɗauka don bincika idan tsantsar inabi zai iya yin hulɗa tare da kowane magunguna da kuke sha.

Menene aikin fata a cikin inabi?

Fatar inabi tana aiki da ayyuka masu mahimmanci ga innabi yayin da yake girma akan itacen inabi:

Kariya - Fatar innabi tana ba da shingen kariya daga lalacewar injiniyoyi, ƙwayoyin cuta kamar fungi da ƙwayoyin cuta, bushewa, da kunar rana. Ya ƙunshi yadudduka tantanin halitta na kakin zuma, cuticle, epidermis, hypodermis, da ƙwayoyin cuta na collenchyma don zama sulke na waje na innabi.

Riƙewar danshi - Fatar tana da ɗanɗano kaɗan amma yana hana asarar ruwa mai yawa. Wannan yana taimaka wa inabin ya sami isasshen ruwa, musamman a wurin zafi ko bushe. Epicuticular kakin shafawa fata kuma yana iyakance haifuwa.

Ka'idojin yanayin zafi - Pigments kamar anthocyanins a cikin fata suna kare inabi daga lalacewar rana ta hanyar aiki azaman maganin rana. Flavonoids suna ɗaukar hasken zafi don hana zafi. Wannan yana kare ɓangaren ɓangaren litattafan almara da tsaba.

Taimako - Fatar inabi, tare da ɓangaren litattafan almara a ƙasa, yana ba da tsayayyen tsari da siffar innabi. Tsarin sel collenchyma yana ƙarfafa fata don tallafawa nauyin gunkin inabi akan itacen inabi ba tare da tsagawa ba.

Sufuri - Ma'adanai da ruwa suna shiga cikin fata da kuma cikin daurin jijiyoyi yayin girmar innabi. Sugar da ake samarwa a lokacin photosynthesis kuma ana rarraba su daga ganye zuwa 'ya'yan itace ta hanyar tsarin jijiyoyin jini na phloem kawai a ƙarƙashin fata.

Tsaro - Idan fata ta sami lalacewa ta jiki, ƙwayoyin da ke kewaye da raunuka suna samar da phytoalexins, mahadi na antimicrobial wanda ke dakatar da cututtuka. Sauran sinadarai na halitta a cikin fata kuma suna hana ci gaban fungal ko ƙwayoyin cuta.

Ripening - Haɗaɗɗen kamar ABA, wanda aka samar a cikin fata da zarar an fara ripening, fara alamar canje-canje a cikin rubutu, sukari, da matakan acidity na ɓangaren litattafan almara na ciki. Wannan hormone da aka samu fata yana daidaita ripening mara nauyi.  

Watsewar iri - Yayin da innabi ke girma, launin fata yana canzawa saboda pigments kamar anthocyanins. Ganuwar tsuntsaye na iya gano launuka masu haske na fatun 'ya'yan itace cikakke. Cin 'ya'yan inabi yana taimakawa yada iri ta hanyar zubar da tsuntsaye.

A taƙaice, fatar innabi tana ba da damar haɓakar innabi, haɓakawa, matakan ripening, kariya, hydration, daidaita yanayin zafi, kwanciyar hankali tsarin, jigilar jijiyoyin jini, hanyoyin kariya daga rauni, kuma a ƙarshe, yaduwan inabi ta hanyar rarraba iri.

Shin fatar innabi tana da ƙarin sinadirai?

Yawancin karatu sun gano fatar innabi tana ƙunshe da yawan abubuwan gina jiki masu amfani da tsire-tsire da antioxidants fiye da ɓangaren litattafan inabi ko tsaba. Gabaɗaya, fatar 'ya'yan itace da kayan lambu galibi suna da nau'ikan phytochemicals fiye da naman ciki. Dalilan da ya sa fatar innabi ta fi wadatar sinadirai sun hada da:

Anthocyanins - Wadannan flavonoid pigments suna ba da wasu nau'in innabi mai zurfi, ja, ko launin fata. Anthocyanins suna da karfi antioxidants tare da anti-mai kumburi, anticancer, anti-ciwon sukari, neuroprotective, da kuma cardioprotective effects. Suna ci gaba da farko a cikin fata.

Resveratrol - Wannan stilbene polyphenol yana kunna kwayoyin halittar da ke da alaƙa da tsawon rayuwa. Ana samar da shi azaman kariya ta phytoalexin a cikin fatar innabi amma ba ɓangaren litattafan almara ba. Resveratrol yana garkuwa da cututtukan zuciya, hawan jini, da cutar Alzheimer.

Proanthocyanidins - Har ila yau ana kiran tannins masu taurin rai, waɗannan suna faɗaɗa tasoshin jini don inganta wurare dabam dabam. Ana samun Proanthocyanidins a matakan 50 zuwa 100 mafi girma a cikin fatun innabi fiye da ɓangaren litattafan almara ko ruwan 'ya'yan itace.

Flavonoids - Abubuwan da ke tattare da su kamar quercetin, catechin, epicatechin, da kaempferol suna da tasirin antioxidant, antihistamine, anti-inflammatory, da tasirin rage cholesterol. Fatar innabi ta ƙunshi flavonoids da yawa fiye da nama ko iri.

Phenolic acid - Hydroxycinnamic acid da hydroxybenzoic acid kamar gallic acid da ellagic acid suna aiki azaman antioxidants. Fatar innabi tana ƙunshe da yawa na waɗannan ƙwayoyin phenolic acid masu hana ƙwayoyin cuta.

Carotenoids - Wadannan launin ja / rawaya sun zama masu juyewa zuwa bitamin A. Fatar inabi tana haɓaka ƙarin carotenoids kamar beta-carotene da lutein fiye da na ciki yayin da yake ɗaukar hasken rana da ake bukata don carotenogenesis.

Vitamin E - Alpha-tocopherol da sauran tocotrienols da tocopherols sun hada da wannan mai-mai narkewa, bitamin mai mahimmanci tare da kaddarorin antioxidant wanda ke kare membranes cell. Fatar innabi ta ƙunshi ƙarin bitamin E sosai.  

A takaice, fatar innabi yana haɓaka matakan mafi girma na antioxidants masu haɓaka lafiya, polyphenols, flavonoids, pigments, bitamin da acid phenolic idan aka kwatanta da ɓangaren litattafan almara ko tsaba. Wadannan mahadi sun samo asali ne a cikin fata a matsayin hanyoyin kariya daga matsalolin muhalli kamar bayyanar rana, cututtuka, ko lalacewar jiki. Cire abubuwan gina jiki daga fatun innabi yana ba da damar haɓaka yawan waɗannan ƙwayoyin phytochemicals masu amfani.  

Hubei Sanxin Biotechnology Co., Ltd. ya haɗu da bincike da haɓakawa, samarwa da tallace-tallace na shekaru masu yawa. Mu ne amintaccen jajayen inabin fata mai tsantsar fata. Za mu iya ba da sabis na musamman azaman buƙatarku.

email: nancy@sanxinbio.com

References:

Rockenbach, II, Rodrigues, E., Gonzaga, LV, Caliari, V., Genovese, MI, Gonçalves, AESS, & Fett, R. (2011). Phenolic mahadi abun ciki da kuma antioxidant aiki a cikin pomace daga zaɓaɓɓen ja inabi (Vitis vinifera L. da Vitis labrusca L.) yadu samar a Brazil. Chemistry na Abinci, 127(1), 174-179. doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.12.137

Daga, M. (2012). Polyphenols a matsayin magungunan antimicrobial. Ra'ayi na Yanzu a Ilimin Halitta, 23(2), 174-181. doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2011.08.007

González-Centeno, MR, Rosselló, C., Simal, S., Garau, MC, López, F., & Femenia, A. (2010). Physicochemical Properties na cell bango kayan samu daga goma innabi iri da kuma su byproducts: innabi pomases da mai tushe. LWT - Kimiyyar Abinci da Fasaha, 43(10), 1580-1586. doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2010.05.019  

Zhang, Y., Li, S., Li, P., Zhang, S., & Zhang, W. (2015). Abun da ke ciki na Anthocyanins a cikin Fata na Berry a cikin Vitis Germplasm. Fasahar Abinci da Kimiyyar Halittu, 53(1), 3-12. doi.org/10.17113/ftb.53.01.15.3682


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